Hand Tufted is the most common method of manufacturing of carpets for floor covering purposes in the world. Tufted carpets have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded by latex(Styrene-Butadiene Latex) to a secondary backing made of a woven weave to provide stability. The Third backing is given for a finished look to the back. Hand tufted carpets can be made of wool, silk, viscose or hand spun yarn either by manual hand tufting or by power hand tufting. Modern as well as Classical designs can be made through tufting.
Handloom carpets are weaved on looms using the warp and weft with a shuttle method. Its more like weaving a cloth. These carpets can be made in wool, viscose and bamboo yarns. The design options in this quality becomes limited as only linear designs are possible in this weave.
A knotted pile carpet is made by the structural weft threads alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to the surface of the weave. This supplementary weft is attached to the warp by a knot. Both flat and pile carpets are woven on a loom. A number of weavers work together on the same carpet as the knotted carpet requires a lot of man hours. The knots are secured with rows of weft. Knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets. These are usually Silk and Woolen.
The weave belongs to the tibetan area and is often refered to as the Indo-Tibetan carpet. The weaving process is closer to that of an hand knotted carpet except that in this quality, a rod is used to make the knots. Weaving is done in liner system. No adhesive backing is required. Nepali carpets can be made in wool, viscose and bamboo yarn.
A shag is a rug or carpet that has a deep pile texture with cut surface yarns, giving it a shaggy appearance. The Pile height of this type is usually more than 3/4" and is dense. It is most commonly made of polyester and other synthetic yarns. This is categorized as a fancy product .
Dhurrie is a thick flat-woven carpet.The concept of dhurrie is different from a carpet but since the dhurries serve the same purpose, they can be described as one. They are ussualy made of wool, silk, cotton, Jute and chennile. The material is first converted into threads and then woven into dhurries. Dhurries are made manually by skilled artisans on a traditional horizontal loom or vertical loom.
With the change in the market trends, the carpet designs change too. The designing panel takes care of developing the latest demands of the market. The colors, materials, textures are all taken in consideration. Courtesy to the design studio, the firm rolled out very innovative products, the hand tufted with the use of hair on leather, metal, and Swarovski's embedded on the carpets which was a success.